When someone finds out that they or someone they know has bipolar disorder the first thing they want to know is what caused it. Health experts have spent years in research trying to know the triggers that are involved. Although they do not know conclusively what causes it they do believe that there are two common factors involved; genetics and neurochemicals. Both of these have factors which they believe could bring about the condition and that can make it worse without the proper bipolar treatment methods.
The majority of people diagnosed with bipolar disorder will have one or more family members that have the same problem or will have a type of mood disorder that is very similar to depression.
- If you have at least one parent with bipolar disorder you have a 15 to 25 percent chance of being diagnosed.
- If you have a twin that you are NOT identical to that has the disorder than you have a 15 to 25 percent chance of being diagnosed.
- If you have an identical twin with bipolar disorder than you have a much greater risk of being diagnosed.
In some people the disorder will lie dormant inside of the specific part of the brain where the disorder will occur. When a certain factor is added into their life that illness will be triggered and their whole demeanor and personality will change because of it. Often it will lie dormant for years before being triggered by psychological or social problems.
Certain life events could trigger an episode in someone who has a genetic disposition for the disorder. Common triggers are alcohol, drug abuse, or hormonal problems. These triggers could even apply to people that have no clear genetic causes. It is stresses on the body that will cause the trigger to be activated and to push them into very serious moods that are uncommon with their normal behavior.
There are a few times in which a person will not have any genetic causes in their life and they might not even have a problem with the neurochemicals inside of the brain. Instead the disorder will be brought about by medical problems or medications that people are taking for these conditions.
- Head trauma
- Thyroid problem
- Brain tumor
- Sodium imbalance
- Diabetes mellitus
- Attention deficit
- Panic disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Social phobia
- Delusional disorder